Paddy ( Oriza sativa) is the staple food in Sri Lanka. 2500 year old Sri Lankan civilization is built around paddy cultivation. Paddy is grown in all three major climatic zones in Sri Lanka. Basically paddy needs; rainfall more than 1900mm, temperature 21 Celsius to 35 Celsius, muddy soil which can hold water and dry climate during harvesting time. ” Yala” ( May to September) and “Maha” ( November to March)are the two major seasons for paddy cultivation. There were 267 types of paddy in Sri Lanka but today only handful types of paddy are grown. There are two methods of planting paddy; seeding and transplanting. During the tour in Anuradhapura we can experience the paddy cultivation. It’s not a cultivation but it’s a way of life of Sri Lankans.